A/B testing and Multivariate testing are the two experimental tools which are similar yet different in many aspects.
A billion of companies around the world with different working areas and different conversion goals.
For instance: An e-commerce company like Walmart or Amazon’s main conversion goal will be if their visitors will get through the checkout process and buy a product. In contrast, a blog writer’s primary focus will be on keeping their visitors hooked to the website until the end of the page.
What if a user visited an e-commerce site and found it unattractive or difficult to use and exits the page without buying a thing. A huge loss! Here comes the role of such tester tools in work.
The two works somewhat alike, both the testers are used to experiment with the variants of a page which is then used to determine which of the variation was able to deliver better conversions.
Their main goal might be to get the conversions, but they vary in many facets.
Before beginning with the differences between the two, let us first discuss in details what these two tools are and how they work.
What does A/B Testing mean?
You must have heard the other word for A/B Testing—Split Testing. It is a web optimization tool, which is used to compare two versions of a page to get better conversion rates. Various statistical analysis is performed to know which version of the page performs better. So that the necessary changes can be made on the webpage.
How does A/B Testing work?
- Analyze the user’s behavior.
Are you getting a hard time in getting conversions? There might be something in your web page which is not working for you. There are various real-time analyzing tools in the market which you can opt for. They let you know every activity of the user on your webpage. Like the no. of clicks, the section they spent their most time on, etc
- Test variations.
Once you get the data, now all you need to do is work on the areas where your web page is lacking. There can be an image which is not suitable or any content which is giving the user a hard time. Now is the time you test various variables.
- Work on results.
Now that you have all the statistical data of the user’s behavior, all you need to do is create two different versions of that page. It is all about the guesswork. Experiment and know which version works best for you.
There is a lot more to A/B testing; like why to use it? What are its type and more?
Multivariate testing works similar to A/B testing, but it works on multiple areas of a web page. The ultimate goal of multivariate testing is what combinations of the various variables work best than other combinations. It works on the broader area of a web page and is more complicated than A/b testing is and works for marketing professionals.
Suppose you want to change a combination of an image and a heading. Thus, you will take variants of options and apply them to the webpage to know which one works best for you. Its most impact is on the conversion rate of the page.
How Multivariate testing works?
You need similar analyzing tools as you need in A/B testing to get the statistical data on the user’s activity. But as in A/B, one user creates a split variant, but in multivariate, you can create multiple combinations for the changes you need to make to get conversions.
Now run the test on all combinations. Once you know what combination works best for you. You can further implement it on your webpage.
But how to know what works best for you. When to go for A/B testing and when to opt for Multivariate testing.
Here is a little difference between the two. Hope it helps.
A/B Testing Definition
In A/B you test in the split variant of a web page. In it you work in 50:50 part of a page. For instance either you can change an image or a heading. Or you can also create a version where you can offer a discount or a reward. You experiment with versions to get you conversions.
Traffic requirement: Less, due to fewer versions of a section
- Easy and widely used.
- Best for conversion rate optimization.
- Used for refining and funneling the optimization a higher rate of positive results
- Limited variation of variables.
Multivariate Testing Definition
In multivariate, you work on various versions and combinations. In a particular section of a page. It lets you create different combinations of different sections of a web page. You can use hit and trial theory to get the desired results.
Traffic requirement: It takes heavy traffic due to multiple versions.
- Avoids various A/B tests simultaneously on a single page.
- Gets various interactions between multiple combinations.
- Allocated traffic for each version is lower.
- Complex to use only useful for marketing media specialists.
Hope you liked the differences between the two. If I missed out on any point or you have any query let me know. I’ll happy to help.